Law draft to ban covert modeling

Law draft to ban covert modeling

covert what?!??!

Since the early 00’s it has become (nearly) impossible to determine in still or moving pictures what is an image of a human, imaged with a (movie) camera and what on the other hand is a simulation of an image of a human imaged with a simulation of  a camera.

When there is no camera and the target being imaged with a simulation looks deceptively human it is a digital look-alike.

Now the equivalent thing is happening to our voices i.e. they can be stolen to some extent with the 2016 prototypes like Adobe Voco and DeepMind WaveNet and made to say anything. When it is not possible to determine with human testing what is a recording of a real voice and what is a simulation it is a digital sound-alike.

It is time to act and ban covert modeling.

9 images showing various techniques on a model derived interactively from a single photo
Image 1 (low resolution rip)
Sculpting a morphable model to one single picture (1)
Produces 3D approximation (2)
Texture capture (4)
The 3D model is rendered back to the image with weight gain (3)
With weight loss (5)
Looking annoyed (6)
Forced to smile (7)
Image 1 by Blanz and Vettel – Copyright ACM 1999 – http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?
doid=311535.311556 – PPermission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page.
finding the specular and the diffuse components of the light
Image 4: Separating specular and diffuse reflected light
Normal image in dot lighting (a)
Image of the diffuse reflection which is caught by placing a vertical polarizer in front of the light source and a horizontal in the front the camera (b)
Image of the highlight specular reflection which is caught by placing both polarizers vertically (c)
Subtraction of c from b, which yields the specular component(d)
Images are scaled to seem to be the same luminosity.
Original image by Debevec et al. – Copyright ACM 2000 – http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=311779.344855 – Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page.

 

 

 

In the cinemas we have seen digital look-alikes for over 10 years. These digital look-alikes have “clothing” (a simulation of clothing is not clothing) or “superhero costumes” and “superbaddie costumes”, but unfortunately organized criminal gangs with this weapons capability at their disposal are spreading naked digital look-alikes with unnatural “physical” interactions. These industrially produced delusions cause human suffering and societal suffering and the parts that can be outlawed should be outlawed for the protection of the citizens from the arbitrary disinformation attacks by criminal leagues.

Anecdotally we can say: “Do you think that was Hugo Weaving’s left cheekbone that Keanu Reeves punched in with his right fist?”

Brief look at laws that intersect with covert modeling concerns

Chapter 24 of the Finnish Criminal Code “on violating privacy, peace and honor” includes some laws that are touching the issue but unfortunately do not yield sufficient methods to stop crime.

  • § 6 Covert watching
  • § 7 Preparing for covert listening or watching
  • § 8 Spreading information that violates right to private life
  • § a 8 Aggravated spreading information that violates right to private life
  • § 9 Defamation
  • § 10 Aggravated defamation

 


Proposed law to ban covert modeling

§ 1 Covert modeling of appearance

Acquiring a 3D model and making a 7D bidirectional reflectance distribution function model¹ or similar but technically different model without consent i.e. covert modeling of appearance is illegal. Also possession, purchase, sale, yielding, import and export of covert models are punishable.

§ 2 Of using covert image likeness models

Animation and projection from the covert models defined in section 1 to still and animated 2D image or stereo-images² and making these available is forbidden³.

§ 3 Covert modeling of a human voice

Acquiring a model of human voice⁴ that deceptively resembles a human voice, possession, purchase, sale, yielding, import and export without the consent of the target is illegal.

§ 4 Of using covert voice models

Generating and making available audio material from a covert model of a human voice is illegal.


  1. The seven dimensions of the bidirectional reflectance distribution function are as follows: 3 cartesian X,Y,Z and 2 for the entry angle and 2 for the exit angle of the light.
  2. In movie lingo the so called “3D”. In reality it supposedly is only 2 pcs 2D planes in its dimension.
  3. Those in posession of the end product should be encouraged to seek help and not criminalized.
  4. E.g. Adobe Voco ja DeepMind WaveNet. Not yet publicly audible.

Ending words

It may be seven dimensional and we are in approximately 4 dimensions but they cannot leave the 2D projection if we don’t let it anymore. Is there any political will to do something about it?


Serious viewing on the situation


This is a document is the translation of a Finnish original from 2016 intended to be a citizens initiative.