Law draft to ban covert modeling

Law draft to ban covert modeling

covert what?!??!

Since the early 00’s it has become (nearly) impossible to determine in still or moving pictures what is an image of a human, imaged with a (movie) camera and what on the other hand is a simulation of an image of a human imaged with a simulation of  a camera.

When there is no camera and the target being imaged with a simulation looks deceptively human it is a digital look-alike.

Now the equivalent thing is happening to our voices i.e. they can be stolen to some extent with the 2016 prototypes like Adobe Voco and DeepMind WaveNet and made to say anything. When it is not possible to determine with human testing what is a recording of a real voice and what is a simulation it is a digital sound-alike.

It is time to act and ban covert modeling.

9 images showing various techniques on a model derived interactively from a single photo
Image 1 (low resolution rip)
Sculpting a morphable model to one single picture (1)
Produces 3D approximation (2)
Texture capture (4)
The 3D model is rendered back to the image with weight gain (3)
With weight loss (5)
Looking annoyed (6)
Forced to smile (7)
Image 1 by Blanz and Vettel – Copyright ACM 1999 – http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?
doid=311535.311556 – PPermission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page.
finding the specular and the diffuse components of the light
Image 4: Separating specular and diffuse reflected light
Normal image in dot lighting (a)
Image of the diffuse reflection which is caught by placing a vertical polarizer in front of the light source and a horizontal in the front the camera (b)
Image of the highlight specular reflection which is caught by placing both polarizers vertically (c)
Subtraction of c from b, which yields the specular component(d)
Images are scaled to seem to be the same luminosity.
Original image by Debevec et al. – Copyright ACM 2000 – http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=311779.344855 – Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page.

 

 

 

In the cinemas we have seen digital look-alikes for over 10 years. These digital look-alikes have “clothing” (a simulation of clothing is not clothing) or “superhero costumes” and “superbaddie costumes”, but unfortunately organized criminal gangs with this weapons capability at their disposal are spreading naked digital look-alikes with unnatural “physical” interactions. These industrially produced delusions cause human suffering and societal suffering and the parts that can be outlawed should be outlawed for the protection of the citizens from the arbitrary disinformation attacks by criminal leagues.

Anecdotally we can say: “Do you think that was Hugo Weaving’s left cheekbone that Keanu Reeves punched in with his right fist?”

Brief look at laws that intersect with covert modeling concerns

Chapter 24 of the Finnish Criminal Code “on violating privacy, peace and honor” includes some laws that are touching the issue but unfortunately do not yield sufficient methods to stop crime.

  • § 6 Covert watching
  • § 7 Preparing for covert listening or watching
  • § 8 Spreading information that violates right to private life
  • § a 8 Aggravated spreading information that violates right to private life
  • § 9 Defamation
  • § 10 Aggravated defamation

 


Proposed law to ban covert modeling

§ 1 Covert modeling of appearance

Acquiring a 3D model and making a 7D bidirectional reflectance distribution function model¹ or similar but technically different model without consent i.e. covert modeling of appearance is illegal. Also possession, purchase, sale, yielding, import and export of covert models are punishable.

§ 2 Of using covert image likeness models

Animation and projection from the covert models defined in section 1 to still and animated 2D image or stereo-images² and making these available is forbidden³.

§ 3 Covert modeling of a human voice

Acquiring a model of human voice⁴ that deceptively resembles a human voice, possession, purchase, sale, yielding, import and export without the consent of the target is illegal.

§ 4 Of using covert voice models

Generating and making available audio material from a covert model of a human voice is illegal.


  1. The seven dimensions of the bidirectional reflectance distribution function are as follows: 3 cartesian X,Y,Z and 2 for the entry angle and 2 for the exit angle of the light.
  2. In movie lingo the so called “3D”. In reality it supposedly is only 2 pcs 2D planes in its dimension.
  3. Those in posession of the end product should be encouraged to seek help and not criminalized.
  4. E.g. Adobe Voco ja DeepMind WaveNet. Not yet publicly audible.

Ending words

It may be seven dimensional and we are in approximately 4 dimensions but they cannot leave the 2D projection if we don’t let it anymore. Is there any political will to do something about it?


Serious viewing on the situation


This is a document is the translation of a Finnish original from 2016 intended to be a citizens initiative.

Translation: Tao Te King – Chapter 81. Proof of simplicity

Chapter 81. Proof of simplicity

Honest words are not high and mighty, mighty and high words are not reliable.

The man of  Tao does not argue.

Statue of Laozi in Quanzhou
Statue of Laozi in Quanzhou 中文: 福建泉州老君岩. Uploaded via Flickr to Commons by Dirrival.

Those who argue are not skilled in the Tao.

Those who know it are not scholars. The scholars don’t know it.

A wise man does not amass treasures.

The more he spends on others the more he himself has.

The more he gives to others the richer he becomes.

This is the heavenly Tao that passes through all things, but offends no-one.

This is the wise man’s Tao that acts but does not fight.

End of the Book of the Way of Virtue


Own translation from 1925 Finnish translation by Pekka Ervast (ISBN 951-8995-01-X) with kind permission of Ruusu-Ristin Kirjallisuusseura ry.

Translation: Tao Te King – Chapter 2. Becoming perfect

Chapter 2. Becoming perfect

When the world speaks of the beauty of beauty then ugliness is defined in the same.

Painting picturing Laozi looking troubled
Laozi is not totally free of the pain of knowledge but knowing the Tao decreases the pain caused by search for information. PD-life-plus-70

When good is seen as good then evil is also immediately clear.

Thus being and unbeing both awaken each other; same as difficult and easy, distant and near, high and low, sounding and tinkling, head of the troop and the follower.

A wise one deals only with what is unprejudiced.

He teaches without using words; he works effortlessly, he produces without owning; he acts without seeking the fruits of labor; he finishes his tasks without borrowing; and as he does not claim anything to be his, it cannot be said that he would ever lose anything.


Own translation from 1925 Finnish translation by Pekka Ervast (ISBN 951-8995-01-X) with kind permission of Ruusu-Ristin Kirjallisuusseura ry.

Translation: Tao Te King – Chapter 80. Standing alone

Chapter 80. Standing alone

If I had a small kingdom and only ten or hundred able men, I would not use them for government.

I would teach the people to view death as a high thing and then they would not go abroad to seek it.

Even if they had ships and carriages, they would not leave with them.

Painting of 2 women mending a fishing net
“Improve the present hour” by Winslow Homer depicting two women mending a fishing net. Uploaded by Davepape. PD-life-plus-100

Even if they had war gear they would never have an opportunity to wear them. The people would return again to using yarn and knots (instead of writing).

They would notice coarse food to be palatable, keep their simple clothing beautiful, see their houses as places of rest and would enjoy their simple entertainments.

Even if nearby there was another state and from there the crowing of the roosters and barking of the dogs sounded, my people would grow old and die without needing to socialize with them.


Own translation from 1925 Finnish translation by Pekka Ervast (ISBN 951-8995-01-X) with kind permission of Ruusu-Ristin Kirjallisuusseura ry.

Translation: Tao Te King – Chapter 79. Keeping promise

Chapter 79. Keeping promise

When agreement has been reached after a long dispute, one side always grumbles. And how could this be said a good resolution to an argument?

That is why the wise one takes his part of the commitment and does not demand anything else for himself.

Picture of even scales made from
Glyph of the Unicode character U+2696 scales, using the font Symbola. CC0 and PD-unicode. Artist and uploader Karl432.

A just man checks only his own obligations in an agreement but the unjust seeks his own profit.

The heavenly Tao has no favorites.

It always helps the good.


Own translation from 1925 Finnish translation by Pekka Ervast (ISBN 951-8995-01-X) with kind permission of Ruusu-Ristin Kirjallisuusseura ry.

Translation: Tao Te King – Chapter 14. Praising emptiness

Chapter 14. Praising emptiness

Smoothness is what cannot be seen when looking at it.

Silence is what cannot be heard when listening to it.

Rarity is what cannot be touched when trying to do so.

As these are inseparable from each other, they can be considered one – Tao¹.

It is not lit in height nor dark at low down.

The Yin and Yang with white representing Yang and black representing Yin.  The symbol is a visual depiction of the intertwined duality of all things in nature, a common theme in Taoism.
The Yin and Yang with white representing Yang and black representing Yin. The symbol is a visual depiction of the intertwined duality of all things in nature, a common theme in Taoism. PD-life-plus-100 SVG Artist: Klem

Boundless in its action, yet nameless. Going out it goes into itself.

This is the manifestation of the non-manifested’s form.

This is the unmeasured mystery. Going in front of it you cannot see its face; following it you cannot notice its back².

Yet directing your life by the old knowledge of Tao is finding the way.


  1. Mr. Ervast: “The text apparently means the absolute divinity (God) that is one with the Holy Trinity Logos (The Word), that cannot be seen, heard or touched, even as it is fullness of the infinite (flatness), eternal sound of silence and rarity i.e. separately manifest worlds, eternity and omnipresence in time and place .”
  2. Mr. Ervast: “The secret of divinity cannot be solved by anyone. He who pretends he is trying, he places himself in front of God supposedly to see his (face) goodness, but in reality he does not see it, but just goes backwards farther away from God. Or  if he doesn’t set³ himself bigger than God, but tries in a way by prying, looking and seeking to gain the secrets he will not even notice the back, he does not distinguish evil from good, darkness from light. And like it states in the last verse the way to God is discoverable.”
  3. Translator’s notice: There could potentially be a typo here. Finnish text does say “asetu” (to place [self]) whereas “aseta” (to place [God]) would make sense. Gotta check this in Chongwen some day.

Own translation from 1925 Finnish translation by Pekka Ervast (ISBN 951-8995-01-X) with kind permission of Ruusu-Ristin Kirjallisuusseura ry.

 

Translation: Tao Te King – Chapter 8. The inexpensive nature

Chapter 8. The inexpensive nature

Image of the Spout Falls, Liffey, Tasmania
Image of the Spout Falls in Liffey at 41° 41′ 54.97″ S, 146° 45′ 44.52″ E (Tasmania) . CC-BY 3.0 by artist and uploader JJ Harrison

Greatest virtue is like water.

Water is good for everything.

It can pass through to even the most unreachable places effortlessly.

That is why it is like the Tao.

It is virtuous like the heart by being deep.

By exposing itself it has the virtue of love.

It is virtuous like speech being trustworthy.

It is virtuous like like the government cleaning and arranging.

It is virtuous like a servant in his ability.

It is virtuous, like action, by always arriving at the right moment.

And because it does not compete, it does not have enemies.


Own translation from 1925 Finnish translation by Pekka Ervast (ISBN 951-8995-01-X) with kind permission of Ruusu-Ristin Kirjallisuusseura ry.

Translation: Tao Te King – Chapter 6. The origin of beings

Chapter 6. The origin of beings

Photoshopped version of a 1972 photo
Color corrected version of a 1972 photo “The Blue Marble“. NASA images are PD unless otherwise noted.

Like the stream of the valley never dries, so the basic essence of the existing never dries.

I call it the Mother-depth.

The movement of the Mother-depth I call the parturient of the heaven and the earth.

Forever it stays, and moves without destination¹.


  1. Mr. Ervast: “This reminds us of the Indian sankhya-philosopy’s understanding of prakriti i.e. the female eternally creative basic essence.”

Own translation from 1925 Finnish translation by Pekka Ervast (ISBN 951-8995-01-X) with kind permission of Ruusu-Ristin Kirjallisuusseura ry.

Translation: Tao Te King – Chapter 76. The danger of power

Chapter 76. The danger of power

Image of a small baby sleeping.
CC-BY 3.0 by artist and uploader Kamaljeee

When a human is born he is delicate and weak, when dying he is stiff and powerful.

The same is with all things. Trees and sprouts in their early growth are soft and flexibile, but when they are dying they are dried up and tough.

Their hardness and stiffness are the companions of death, but finesse and flexibility are the companions of life.

That is why the soldier by trusting in his force does not conquer death and similarly a a strong tree becomes only firewood. For the strong and thick should be low but silent and consenting should be high.


Own translation from 1925 Finnish translation by Pekka Ervast (ISBN 951-8995-01-X) with kind permission of Ruusu-Ristin Kirjallisuusseura ry.

Translation: Tao Te King – Chapter 75. The evil of greed

Chapter 75. The evil of greed

Image of farm workers harvesting a rice crop by hand
Photo by Kusakabe Kimbei. PD-life-plus-70

The people suffer hunger because those above them set heavy tax burdens on them. This is the cause of their lacking.

The people are hard to govern because of the commanding nature of those who are above them. This is the source of confusion.

People despise death because enduring life is so much pain.

That is the reason of their carelessness towards death.

That is why it is better to live secluded than to make much a-do about your life.


Own translation from 1925 Finnish translation by Pekka Ervast (ISBN 951-8995-01-X) with kind permission of Ruusu-Ristin Kirjallisuusseura ry.